What About Coconuts, Coconut Milk, and Coconut Oil MCTs?

[Music] studies of populations who eat a lot of coconuts are frequently cited by those who sell coconut oil as evidence said that does not have harmful effects for example there was an apparent absence of stroke and heart disease on the island of Kate IVA what were they eating well their diet centered around tubers like sweet potatoes with fruits greens nuts corn and beans yes ate fish a few times a week but they were eating largely whole food plant-based diets so no wonder they may have had such low rates of artery disease and one of those whole foods was coconut not coconut oil now if you go to pukka pukka they eat even more coconuts and there’s even an island where that’s most of what they eat and they get high cholesterol what’s the population eating 87% plant-based red meat chicken and eggs only eaten seldom late no dairy doing with cholesterol levels over 200 well they’re eating all these coconuts every day what are their disease rates like we don’t know there’s no clinical surveys no epidemiological data and no autopsies they did do some EKGs which can sometimes pick up evidence of past heart attacks and found a few abnormalities but the sample was too small to be a definitive study and even if they did have low disease rates they weren’t even coconut oil they were eating coconuts coconut oil proponents pointing to these studies is like the high fructose corn syrup Lobby pointing to studies of healthy populations who eat corn on the cob or the sugar industry pointing to studies on fruit consumption sexy eat all the refined sugar you want but fruit has fiber and so do coconuts just like adding psyllium fiber Metamucil to coconut oil can help blunt the adverse effects on cholesterol fiber derived from defatted coconut itself can reduce cholesterol levels as much as oak brain and the plant protein in coconut also missing from the oil may also help explain why whole coconut may not have the same effects on cholesterol although coconut fat in the form of powdered coconut milk may not have the same effects on cholesterol as coconut oil frequent consumption defined as three or more times a week has been associated with increased risk of vascular disease stroke and heart attack and no wonder as coconut milk may acutely impair artery function as badly as a sausage and egg McMuffin they tested three meals three different meals a Western high-fat meal comprised of an egg mcmuffin sausage McMuffin into hash browns versus a local high fat meal this was done in Singapore so the more traditional high-fat meal was rice cooked with coconut milk though they’re also anchovies an egg versus the same amount of calories in an unhealthy low-fat meal comprised of frosted flakes skim milk and Jews here’s the artery function the ability of their arteries to relax normally before Mickey D’s and after significantly crippling down artery function within hours of consumption and the same thing with the coconut milk so whether mostly meat and oil fat or coconut milk fat the arteries similarly clamped down where is that horrible sugary breakfast had no effect no bad effect on artery function because as terrible as it was it had no saturated fat at all though it also didn’t have any egg which may have also helped coconut oil proponents also try to argue that coconut oil has MC T’s medium chain triglycerides shorter chain saturated fats that aren’t as bad as the longer chain saturated fats in meat and dairy but you can’t apply the MCT research to coconut oil why MCT oil is composed of MC T’s the medium chain fats caprylic and capric acid about 50% of each whereas those MC t make up only like 10% of the coconut oil most of coconut oil is the cholesterol raising longer chain saturated fats lauric and myristic it is therefore inaccurate consider coconut oil to contain predominantly MCT so you can’t extrapolate from MCT studies to coconut oil that’s actually quite a common misconception that the saturated fat in coconut oil is mainly MCTS actually coconut oil is mainly lauric and myristic which have potent LDL bad cholesterol raising effects coconut oil should therefore not be advised for people who should or want to reduce their risk of the number one killer of us men and women heart disease it’s like how the beef industry loves to argue that beef fat contains stearic acid a type of saturated fat that doesn’t raise cholesterol yeah but it also has palmitic and myristic that like lauric does raise cholesterol if you compare the effects of different saturated fats yes stearic has a neutral effect on LDL but palmitic myristic and lauric shoot it up and frankly so may MCT oil itself bumping up LDL like 15% compared to control so this popular belief spread by the coconut oil industry that coconut oil is healthy is not supported by science so basically coconut oil should be treated no differently than animal sources of dietary saturated fat the latest review published March 2017 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology put it even more simply in their recommendations for patients avoid [Music] you