What are the 3 types of solar energy?
There are three main types of residential solar electric power systems: grid inter-tied; grid inter-tied with battery backup; and off-grid. These three broad types vary in how closely connected they are to the traditional power utility infrastructure, known as the grid.
What are the characteristics of solar radiation?
As viewed outside the earth’s atmosphere, the spectrum of solar radiation is characteristic of that emitted from a black surface at a temperature of 5762°K. This implies that the solar spectral irradiance ranges between the wavelength region of 0.2–2.0 μm and has maximum invisible light region at 0.48 μm (Fig. 2.2).
What is VI characteristics of solar cell?
Typically a solar or photovoltaic cell has negative front contact and positive back contact. A semiconductor p-n junction is in the middle of these two contacts like a battery. If these two sides are connected by an external circuit, current will start flowing from positive to negative terminal of the solar cell.
What are the advantages of solar energy?
Provides Clean, Renewable Energy
Solar power is a 100% clean, renewable energy source. It reduces reliance on oil, coal and natural gas for electricity production. These fossil fuels produce harmful emissions that affect the quality of air, water and soil, and are responsible for global warming.
What are the main types of solar energy?
There are two main types of solar energy technologies—photovoltaics (PV) and concentrating solar-thermal power (CSP).
What are the types of solar radiation?
The three relevant bands, or ranges, along the solar radiation spectrum are ultraviolet, visible (PAR), and infrared. Of the light that reaches Earth’s surface, infrared radiation makes up 49.4% of while visible light provides 42.3% 9. Ultraviolet radiation makes up just over 8% of the total solar radiation.
What is the working principle of solar cell?
Working Principle of Solar Cell. When light reaches the p-n junction, the light photons can easily enter in the junction, through very thin p-type layer. The light energy, in the form of photons, supplies sufficient energy to the junction to create a number of electron-hole pairs.
What is IV characteristics of solar cell?
Solar Cell I-V Characteristic Curves are graphs of output voltage versus current for different levels of insolation and temperature and can tell you a lot about a PV (Photovoltaic-which converts light energy into electricity) cell or panel’s ability to convert sunlight into electricity.
What are the uses of solar cells?
Uses of solar cells. Solar cells are very useful in powering space vehicles such as satellites and telescopes (e.g. Hubble). They provide a very economical and reliable way of powering objects which would otherwise need expensive and cumbersome fuel sources.
What are 5 advantages of solar energy?
Advantages of Solar Energy
- Renewable Energy Source. Among all the benefits of solar panels, the most important thing is that solar energy is a truly renewable energy source. …
- Reduces Electricity Bills. …
- Diverse Applications. …
- Low Maintenance Costs. …
- Technology Development. …
- Cost. …
- Weather Dependent. …
- Solar Energy Storage Is Expensive.
Is solar energy renewable?
WHAT IS SOLAR ENERGY? Solar energy is that produced by the Sun’s light – photovoltaic energy – and its warmth – solar thermal – for the generation of electricity or the production of heat. Inexhaustible and renewable, since it comes from the Sun, solar energy is harnessed using panels and mirrors.